best sports training and physical therapy

It's Getting Hot, Too Hot!

Now that August is here, we are moving into the hottest time of the summer. Recently the heat index has risen to over 108°. With football practices starting and people enjoying other outdoor activities and vacations, it is important to know the signs and symptoms of heat related illness. Those most at risk for heat related illnesses are children, the elderly, and people who work or exercise in hot environments. According the American Red Cross, a heat-related illness occurs when the body is not able to regulate and control its temperature. When air temperature rises, the body stays cool by letting heat escape through the skin and evaporates through sweat. On hot, humid days, the evaporation of sweat is slowed by the increased moisture in the air. When the body isn’t cooled properly, body temperature rises and you might become ill. Heat related illness can range from mild symptoms but can progress to a life threatening condition quickly. However, most heat related illnesses can be prevented. Please see the chart below with common heat related illnesses and what to do if you or someone you know displays any of the symptoms.

Condition 1

Heat Cramps

Sign & Symptoms

Painful cramps, especially in the legs

Flushed, moist skin

Mild fever

What to do

Move to a cool place and rest

Remove excess clothing and place cool clothes on skin

Give cool sports drinks containing electrolytes such as Gatorade® or Rally®

Slowly stretch cramped muscles

Condition 2

Heat Exhaustion

Sign & Symptoms

Muscle cramps

Heavy sweating

Pale, moist skin








Fainting spells

What to do

Move to a cool